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考研英語時文賞讀(140):高校引入人臉識別監控學生引爭議

  Classroom cams raise debate at university

  大學教室里的攝像機引發了爭論

  A university in Nanjing, Jiangsu province, has installed facial recognition systems in classrooms to monitor students’ behavior, sparking a heated debate online.

  近日,江蘇省南京市一所大學在教室里安裝了人臉識別系統,以監控學生的行為,這在網上引發了一場激烈的爭論。

  China Pharmaceutical University recently installed the systems in two pilot classrooms as well as school gates, dormitory entrances, the library and laboratory buildings.

  中國藥科大學最近在兩個試點教室、校門、宿舍出入口、圖書館和實驗樓安裝了該人臉識別系統。

  Xu Jianzhen, director of the university’s library and information center, told Global Times that the systems will help teachers check student attendance and monitor behavior during the lectures.

  該校圖書館信息中心主任徐建振告訴《環球時報》,該系統將幫助教師核查學生的出勤率,并監控學生在課堂上的行為。

  "In the past, some students just checked their attendance and ditched the class or asked other students to check the attendance for them. Now with facial recognition, that would no longer be a problem," he said.

  他說:“在過去,一些學生虛假出勤、逃課、或者讓其他學生代簽到。現在有了人臉識別,這將不再成問題。”

  The moment you enter the classroom, the camera will monitor you all the way through and can tell how long you lower your head, whether you’re playing with a smartphone, whether you’re dozing off or reading other books, he added.

  他補充說,當學生走進教室的那一刻,攝像頭就會全程跟蹤,監控學生低頭的時間,學生是在玩手機、還是在打瞌睡、或者在看閑書。”

  The news has raised wide debate on Chinese social media, with many questioning if the cameras will infringe on students’ privacy. China Pharmaceutical University is not the first university to use facial recognition technology on campus. Many universities across the country have installed cameras at campus entrances to ensure safety.

  這一新聞在中國社交媒體上引發了人們廣泛的爭論,許多人質疑攝像頭是否會侵犯學生的隱私。中國藥科大學并不是第一所引入人臉識別技術的大學。為了確保安全,全國許多大學都在校園入口處安裝了攝像頭。

  China’s top education authority on Thursday pledged to limit and regulate the use of applications with AI-powered facial recognition technology in campuses and said it hopes schools will adopt such systems prudently.

  周四,中國教育部表示,將對校園中使用的人工智能面部識別技術應用進行限制管理,并稱希望學校慎重采用這類系統。

  "When technology has gone too far and the legislation lags behind, we need a ’third force’ to resolve the contradiction, which is moral ethics. Technological progress must be bound by morality," Zhu Wei, a professor at the China University of Political Science and Law, told the Global Times.

  中國政法大學教授朱巍在接受《環球時報》采訪時表示:“當技術步伐過快、而立法滯后時,我們就需要‘第三方’來解決矛盾,它就是道德倫理。技術進步必須受道德制約”。

  Monitoring teachers and students in class will result in teachers losing their authority and also poses the risk of leaking minors’ sensitive information. It is unethical, Zhu said, calling for a halt to the use of such systems in campuses.

  朱教授表示,對教室內師生進行監控將導致教師失去其權威性,并有可能泄露未成年人的敏感信息。這是不道德的。他呼吁停止在校園中使用這類系統。

  (全文共324個詞,標紅單詞為考研重難點詞匯)

  重難點詞匯:

  lecture  n. 演講;講稿;教訓 vt. 演講;訓誡 vi. 講課;講演

  infringe  vt. 侵犯;違反;破壞 vi. 侵犯;侵害

  install  vt. 安裝;任命;安頓

  prudently   adv. 謹慎地;慎重地

  morality  n. 道德;品行,美德

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