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考研英語時文賞讀(138): 是誰偷走了孩子們的童年?

  Mobile devices stealing away childhoods, study finds

  研究發現,移動設備正在偷走孩子們的童年

  Children in rural areas spend more time gazing at handset and computer screens than their peers in cities.

  相比于城市中的同齡人,農村的孩子們在手機和電腦前花費了更多的時間。

  A study by the China National Children’s Center found that after the school day ends, youngsters nationwide now spend more time in front of mobile and computer screens playing games and chatting-over 43 minutes a day-than they do reading, which on average is about 26 minutes a day on weekdays. And the time spent with eyes glued to screens rockets to over 90 minutes a day on weekends.

  中國兒童中心的一項研究發現,中國的青少年放學后花費在手機和電腦游戲的時間(工作日平均每天超過43分鐘)比讀書的時間(工作日平均每天約為26分鐘)要多。而到了周末,花費在手機和電腦上的時間激增至每天90分鐘以上。

  The center’s Annual Report on Chinese Children’s Development (2019), released on Tuesday, noted a striking difference in screen time between children in the countryside and their counterparts in cities, with the average youngster in rural areas spending 20 percent more time using electronic devices.

  該中心在本周二發布的《中國兒童發展年度報告(2019)》中指出,農村兒童與城市兒童花費在電子產品上的時間存在顯著差異,農村地區青少年花費在電子產品上的時間平均要多出20%。

  The findings are based on a study that began in September involving 15,000 children from kindergarten to middle school. Respondents were spread across urban and rural areas in 10 cities, including Beijing, Guangzhou, Guangdong province and Duyun, Guizhou province.

  這項研究從去年9月開始,共涉及了1.5萬名從幼兒園到中學的兒童。這些調查對象來自于北京市、廣東省廣州市、貴州省都勻市等10個城市的城市地區和農村地區。

  Sun Hongyan, director of the childhood research institute at the China Youth and Children Research Center, said the internet and electronic devices used to be luxuries for rural children.

  中國青少年研究中心少兒研究所所長孫紅艷表示,對于農村兒童來說,互聯網和電子設備過去就是奢侈品。

  But the increasing affordability of smartphones made it easier for migrant worker parents to provide electronic devices to children left behind in their hometowns.

  但隨著智能手機的不斷普及,在外務工的父母很容易就能給留守家鄉的孩子買個智能手機了。

  According to the China Internet Network Information Center, the number of rural internet users reached 222 million by the end of last year, accounting for 26.7 percent of the nation’s online population.

  根據中國互聯網信息中心的數據,截至去年年底,農村互聯網用戶已達2.22億,占全國網民總數的26.7%。

  "It’s been getting harder for parents to monitor a lot of what their kids are seeing and doing, especially when they are not around," Sun said. "At the same time, they’re relying on the seeming safety benefit of being able to keep the kids at home with a device."

  孫紅艷說:“家長們越來越難知道孩子們在看什么、做什么,尤其是當他們不在孩子身邊時。同時他們也相信,能讓孩子待在家里玩電子產品似乎更安全。”

  The report also found that children increasingly preferred playing electronic games and chatting online instead of other after-school activities such as reading and outdoor exercise. This was having a negative effect on their developing social skills, as well as impairing vision.

  報告還發現,孩子們更喜歡玩電子游戲或在網上聊天,而非進行閱讀和戶外活動等其他課外活動。這不利于孩子們社交能力的發展,也有害于他們的視力。

  Sun Yunxiao, a specialist at the Chinese Association of Education, said schools should pay more attention to fostering children’s internet literacy to make them "masters" rather than "prisoners" of the internet.

  中國教育協會的專家孫云曉表示,學校應該更加注重培養孩子的網絡素養,讓他們做網絡的“主人”而非“囚徒”。

  (全文共386個詞)

  重難點詞匯:

  counterpart  n. 副本;配對物;極相似的人或物

  luxury  n. 奢侈,奢華;奢侈品;享受 adj. 奢侈的

  literacy  n. 讀寫能力;精通文學

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